Rulings of Prayer
Dress Code: Part Two
As previously discussed prayer performed with a Najis body or in Najis clothes is void. However, there are some exceptions. Let's have a look at these exceptions:
1. If the body or clothes are stained with blood and the stain is smaller than a finger phalanx, it is ok to perform prayer with it.
2. If one’s small pieces of clothing such as socks or hat are Najis, they can be worn during prayer regardless of the amount or kind of Najāsa (impurity) on them.
3. If one’s body or clothes become Najis due to the bloody scar of a wound or a pimple and one performs prayers like that, the prayer will be valid.
4. If, during prayer, one carries a small Najis item in one’s pocket -so small that the private parts could not be covered with it- like a handkerchief, the prayer is valid even though the recommended precaution demands that even this little bit of impurity be avoided; However, if the Najāsa of this item comes in contact to the clothes the prayer is invalidated.
5. In the case someone is stuck somewhere with a Najis body or in Najis clothes and changing or purifying the body or clothes is not possible or the time for prayer is so short, they are permitted to perform their prayer in that condition.
6. When a nanny is unable to easily find pure clothes for prayer. This case has some details though so you may refer to Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi’s Practical Laws of Islam for further information.
Rulings of Prayer
Part One: Dress code
In the previous episodes we reviewed the extent of covering required in prayer for both men and women.
Today, we will discuss the necessary conditions of the clothes worn while performing prayer.
2. must not contain parts of a corpse
3. be made of the Harām meat animal’s skin
4. be made of pure silk or woven with gold (only for men)
5. They must not be najis
meaning that they must not be polluted by ritually impure items such as blood, urine, etc.
Now, if someone performs prayer while wearing Najis clothes or while their body is Najis, their prayer is void even if they did so because they failed to learn the ruling
However, if a person is doubtful whether or not their clothes are Najis, they can perform their prayer with the same clothes and there is no need to change or wash their clothes.
If someone was unaware that the clothes they were praying in had actually been Najis and realized this later, their prayer is valid.
However, if they knew that their clothes have become Najis but then they forgot it and performed prayer in those clothes, they are required to reperform that prayer, even if they are in the midst of the prayer. Likewise, If they remember this after the time for prayer is up, they still are required to perform the Qaḍā prayer.
there are some exceptions though, where one is allowed to perform prayer in Najis clothes or with a Najis body which will be explained in the next episode inshaAllah. Stay tuned.
The Rulings of Prayer: Dress Code Part 2
Women are to observe full hijab while performing their prayer like a pearl in the oyster shell.
It is befitting that they wear a chador while performing prayer
Performing prayers without chador or with a transparent chador is permissible only if one has observed full hijab beneath the chador meaning that the entire body except for the face, hands down to the wrist and feet down to the ankles has been covered, also the clothes should not be too tight or transparent to reveal the shape of the body.
However, if a lady was unaware of this ruling and thus she has been performing their prayers without wearing a proper chador or observing full hijab, their past prayers are valid as long as they were not negligent in learning the related religious rulings.
In addition to all this, covering all jewels and ornament, even a wig, is obligatory while performing prayers even if a non-mahram is not present. It is not necessary, however, to cover rings while praying. In the case that a lady was unaware of this ruling and thus have not been covering their ornaments during prayer, their prayers are valid.
All men and women must observe the necessary dress code in all obligatory prayers, including Iḥtiyāṭ prayer as well as while performing Sahw prostration, Qaḍa prostration or Qaḍa Tashahhud.
However, while performing obligatory prostration outside of prayer such as obligatory prostration for certain verses of the Quran, it is not obligatory to observe hijab if there is no non-Mahram present.
The Rulings of Prayer: Dress Code Part 1
One of the obligatory rules of prayer is observing a dress code while performing the prayer.
It is important to keep in mind that there is a difference between the dress code of men and women for prayer.
It is obligatory for men to cover their private parts when performing prayer.
It is better that they cover themselves at least from the navel down to the knees.
It is more advisable to wear the complete clothes they would wear when in the presence of a respected person.
Women on the other hand must cover their entire body including their head and hair. However, covering the face, the hands up to the wrists and the feet up to the ankles is not necessary. But the obligatory precaution requires that, in order to make sure that all parts that are to be covered are in fact covered, women should cover a little more of the sides of their face and a little lower than the wrists and ankles as well.
Stay tuned for more explanation about women’s dress code in prayer in the next episode.
The Rulings of Prayer: The Qiblah (Direction of Prayer)
The Kaʿba -which is located in Mecca- is the Qiblah of all Muslims, the direction towards which all Muslims must perform their prayers; otherwise their prayer is invalid.
Therefore, one should find the direction of the Qiblah before starting the prayer.
There are four ways to determine the direction of Qiblah:
However, in the case a Muslim is not able to determine the Qiblah through any of these ways, they should choose one direction and perform their prayer.
Prayer is the way of connecting to our Creator, purifying our heart and cleansing our soul
This precious means of connecting to the Creator has been called the firm pillar of the religion of Islam
And among the different acts of worship, it is the one that is of great importance and every Muslim is obligated to perform it through a series of actions.
Prayer is of such great importance that according to the Islamic narrations, its acceptance by Allah is the prerequisite of the acceptance of all other deeds.
Therefore, it is super important that we as Muslims learn each and every ruling regarding prayers.
Prayers are basically categorized in to two groups:
Nafilah (night) prayer, Ghufaylah prayer and Jafar al-Ṭayyār prayer are among the most well known recommended prayers.
Now let’s also have a look at the blessed obligatory prayers which are six in number:
We all know that daily prayers are those that are to be performed on a daily basis which are : Fajr Prayer, Dhuhr Prayer, ʻAsr Prayer, Maghrib Prayer and ʻIsha Prayer.
Stay tuned for more videos regarding Islamic Rulings