Rulings of Prayer
Adhān and Iqāmah: Part 1
Adhan and Iqāmah are two set of supplicatory recitations which are recited before Prayer. It is considered recommended to recite the Adhān and Iqāmah before the obligatory daily Prayers and their Qaḍā Prayers. It has also been emphasized that people at least do not forget to recite the Iqāmah before performing their Prayers.
In addition to their recitation before Prayers, it is a recommended to recite the Aḍān in the right ear of the newborns and the Iqāmah in their left ear on the first day that they are born in order to bless them with these sacred supplications.
The Aḍān needs to be recited in correct Arabic and the following are considered recommended for a person who recites it: 1. To stand on a high place 2. To stand facing the Qiblah 3. Having Wuḍū while reciting it 4. To recite the sentences of the Aḍān in a loud and clear voice 5. To pause between different sentences of the Aḍān and 6. To not say anything else amid the recitation of the Aḍān.
It is also considered recommended for other people who hear the Aḍān to repeat its sentences after the Mu’adhin; likewise, it is recommended for the people who are present in the mosque to repeat the sentences of the Iqamah with the intention of reaching Devine reward.
As for the Iqāmah, it needs to be recited after the Aḍān and it had better be recited 1. In a calm and peaceful state, 2. In a lower voice than the Aḍān, 3. And with shorter pauses in between its sentences than those of the Aḍān.
It is not necessary for everyone in the mosque to recite the Aḍān and the Iqāmah. If a person arrives in the mosque in the middle of the Prayer or even after the Prayer is over but people are still sitting in their rows, precaution demands that they should not recite the Aḍān and the Iqāmah again for their prayer as the Aḍān and the Iqāmah recited at the beginning of the congregational prayer suffices for them.
In the next episode we will see how the Aḍān and the Iqāmah are actually recited.